venerdì 20 ottobre 2017

Eight Words which became part of the English Language after the American Civil War.



Photograph by Andrew Gardner, originally Brady's apprentice, depicts the staff of Brigadier General Andrew Porter in 1862. George Custer (of the Battle of Little Bighorn fame) is shown reclining next to a dog on the right. Color by Reddit User Zuzahin / Photo by Andrew Gardner



In addition to the remarkable political and civil consequences of the US Civil War, the pages of the story of which were written with the blood of an entire people, it has to be said that it also had a certain influence on the language: according to the Oxford Dictionary eight terms would be at the time or influenced by the conflict in their meaning, or entirely coined as neologisms, as they did not exist before then.
Let's see together these words drawn from the 'military slang' that have become part of the daily English spoken language:




- CARPETBAGGER -

After the war and the victory of the North, the South was invested by a real migratory flow of people who had  a license from the government to keep possess of the the territory they were free to choose to allocate themselves. These 'opportunists', precisely for this characteristic of theirs, were looked at with contemptuousness and even today the term is in use, especially in politics, to indicate those who seek to take advantage of a situation without any kind of scrupulous.



- DEADLINE -

At the time when it was coined, this term was used to indicate the line beyond which prisoners of military encampments or  prisons, had to be considered virtually dead, it was the line that you never had to pass if you wanted to preserve your life. In the twenties, and it's with this meaning that the term is known and used even today, this word was borrowed from the journalistic jargon to indicate the time that must not be exceeded for a text to be included in a particular publication.



- GRAPEVINE -

This term, probably because of the analogy that exists between the tendrils of the vine and the trellises of the telegraph poles, indicated a source from which it was possible to obtain informations that qualified themselves as well as unofficial: it was the so-called corridor voice that brought news, but the official ones only the by telegraph, par excellence, could be conveyed.



- LOST CAUSE -

This is one of those terms that existed before the Civil War, but that changed its meaning, since the Confederate's sympathizers referred to it as 'Lost Cause'; today we use this word to indicate a situation that doesn't allow recovery hope or a person for whom there is no possibility of improvement, even ethically.



- REBEL YELL -

Since we are not in possession of audio recordings dating back to the Civil War, it is difficult to know exactly what a "REBEL YELL " corresponds - perhaps it is a cry of exultation or a a battle cry used by the Confederates (some historians are persuaded that the recordings made in the 1930s by older confederate veterans would give evidence of that cry). And yet, the concept of REBEL YELL remains an important part of American folklore, especially in popular music.



- SHODDY -

This term was first used to indicate a type of face-cloth fabric for which were used pieces of worn wool together with wool of good quality: the result was, of course, not the best, ie poor - a 'SHODDY' cloth, but the cost was entirely cheaper than the most prestigious one, and, on the other hand, in war time it was very difficult to find a good kinfìd of cloth; at a later time the term was extended to those who made money by selling second-order clothing to the army and today means sordid, both as greedy and morally dirty and repugnant.



- SIDEBURNS -

One of the main protagonists who fought amongst the Union's files to become US Senator later was General Ambrose Burnside (1824-81), probably better remembered for the particular way he wore his beard: it was something like a prolongation of his hair that was waving on his cheeks to bind under his nose, leaving his cheekbones and his chin uncovered, at a time when they used mostly thick beards. The word over time has been overturned, so BURNSIDE has become SIDEBURNS and stylistically speaking, mustaches have disappeared to remain a strip of facial hair extending like thin lines of each side of the face, ie sideboards, and in fact such is the meaning of the term in question.



- SKEDADDLE -

Drawn from the military slang with very likely fantasy origins - some prefer to think that this term is borrowed from the Danish or Swedish language - 'SKEDADDLE' would mean kicking your legs, removing curtains, fleeing in a hurry.



And finally, before leaving you, I want to give you as a present another photo that belongs to a wonderful collection of original shots masterfully colored that you can find HERE.



This photo depicts President Ulysses S. Grant (pictured in the center, at the time, a Lieutenant General), his friend Brigadier General John Rawlins (left) and an unknown Lieutenant Colonel in 1865. Color by Reddit User Zuzahin/Photo Courtesy of National Archives





May it reach you my warmest and most sincere hug,
thank you as always for your delightful attention


see you soon 💕
















- immagine 1 - Fotografia di Andrew Gardner, al tempo apprendista di Brady, che ritrae l'organico del Brigadiere Generale Andrew Porter nel 1862. George Custer (famoso per la Battaglia di Little Bighorn ) lo vedete a destra adagiato a terra di fianco ad un cane. Colore by Reddit User Zuzahin / Photo by Andrew Gardner




Oltre alle notevoli conseguenze politiche e civili che ebbe la Guerra di Secessione americana, le pagine della storia della quale furono scritte con il sangue di un intero popolo, essa non mancò di esercitare anche una certa influenza sulla lingua: secondo l'Oxford Dictionary ben otto termini sarebbero al tempo o stati influenzati dal conflitto nel loro significato, o del tutto coniati quali neologismi, non essendo esistenti prima di allora.

Vediamo insieme queste parole che dallo 'slang militare' sono divenute a far parte della lingua inglese parlata quotidianamente:



- CARPETBAGGER - 

Dopo la guerra e la vittoria del Nord, il Sud venne investito da un vero e proprio flusso migratorio di persone che avevano dal governo la licenza per impadronirsi del territorio, se libero, sul quale decidevano di stanziarsi: questi 'opportunisti', proprio per questa loro caratteristica che li additava con fare dispregiativo, vennero così definiti ed ancor oggi il termine è in uso, soprattutto in politica, per indicare coloro che cercano di trarre vantaggio da una situazione senza porsi scrupolo alcuno.



- DEADLINE - 

Al tempo in cui venne coniato, questo termine veniva utilizzato per indicare la linea oltre la quale i prigionieri di un determinato accampamento o delle prigioni militari del tempo, si dovevano considerare virtualmente morti, era la linea da non oltrepassare mai per tenere in salvo la vita. Negli anni venti, ed è con questo significato che il termine è conosciuto ed utilizzato ancor oggi, tale parola venne mutuata dal gergo giornalistico  per indicare il lasso di tempo che non deve essere oltrepassato affinché un testo venga incluso in una determinata pubblicazione.



- GRAPEVINE - 

Letteralmente 'vite da vino', questo termine, probabilmente per l'analogia che esiste tra i viticci del vitigno ed i tralicci dei pali telegrafici, indicava una fonte non autorevole dalla quale si riusciva ad ottenere informazioni, informazioni che si qualificavano così come ufficiose: si trattava delle così dette voci di corridoio che portavano una notizia, ma quella ufficiale solamente il telegrafo, per eccellenza, la poteva veicolare.



- LOST CAUSE -

E' questo uno di quei termini che esistevano già prima della Guerra di Secessione, ma che con essa mutarono significato, da che i simpatizzanti della Confederazione ad essa si riferivano come 'Lost Cause', ossia 'Causa Persa'; oggi questo termine lo utilizziamo per indicare una situazione che non ammette speranza di recupero od una persona per la quale non vi è possibilità di miglioramento, anche eticamente.



- REBEL YELL - 

Dato che non siamo in possesso di registrazioni audio risalenti alla Guerra di Secessione, è difficile sapere esattamente a cosa corrisponda un 'urlo ribelle' ( tale infatti è il significato del termine REBEL YELL) - forse  si tratta di un grido di esultazione o di un grido di battaglia usato dai Confederati (alcuni storici si lasciano persuadere dalle registrazioni fatte negli anni trenta da anziani veterani confederati che darebbero dimostrazione di tale grido). E comunque, il concetto del grido ribelle rimane una parte importante del folklore americano, soprattutto nell'ambito della musica popolare.



- SHODDY -

Tale termine venne dapprincipio utilizzato per indicare un tipo di panno per il quale venivano filati pezzi di lana scadente insieme con lana di buona qualità: il risultato era ovviamente non dei migliori, ossia scadente - 'shoddy', appunto, ma il costo era del tutto più conveniente rispetto a quello più prestigioso, tra l'altro molto difficile da trovare in tempo di guerra; in un secondo tempo il termine venne esteso a coloro che fecero denaro vendendo all'esercito indumenti di second'ordine ed oggi significa sordido, inteso sia come avaro che come moralmente sporco e ripugnante.



- SIDEBURNS -

Uno dei protagonisti principali che combatté tra le file dell'Unione per divenire nominato senatore americano più tardi, fu il generale Ambrose Burnside (1824-81), probabilmente meglio ricordato per il modo particolare in cui portava i baffi: si trattava di un prolungamento dei capelli che andava ad infoltirsi sulle guance per congiungersi sotto il naso, lasciando zigomi e mento scoperti, in un'epoca in cui usavano soprattutto barbe molto folte. La parola nel tempo è stata capovolta, per cui da BURNSIDE è divenuta SIDEBURNS e stilisticamente parlando, sono scomparsi i baffi per rimanere una striscia di peli facciali che si estende dalla linea sottile di ogni lato del viso, ovvero le basette ed infatti tale è il significato del termine in questione. 



- SKEDADDLE - 

Propriamente derivato dallo slang militare, con molto probabili origini di fantasia - taluni preferiscono pensare che tale termine sia mutuato dalla lingua danese o svedese - 'skedaddle' significherebbe darsela a gambe, togliere le tende, fuggire in tutta fretta.





Ed infine, prima di lasciarvi, voglio farvi dono di un'altra fotografia che appartiene ad una meravigliosa raccolta di originali magistralmente colorate che potete trovare QUI.




- immagine 2 - Questa fotografia ritrae il Presidente Ulysses S.Grant (al centro, al tempo era Luogotenente Generale), il suo amico Brigadiere Generale John Rawlins (a sinistra) ed uno sconosciuto Luogotenente Colonnello nel 1865. Colore by Reddit User Zuzahin/Photo Courtesy of National Archives





Vi giunga forte e sincero il mio più caloroso abbraccio,
grazie come sempre per la vostra attenzione



a presto 💕









68 commenti:

  1. Quando andavo a scuola ,la guerra di secessione mi ha sempre appassionata. Grazie mille per il meraviglioso approfondimento e per la bellissima carrellata d'immagini
    Bacioni Alessandra

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Alessandra
      carissima, buongiorno e benvenuta, il mio sabato è più luminoso grazie alla tua presenza qui, dolce amica !
      Devo ammettere che come studiosa di storia tutto ciò che accadde in passato mi appassiona, ma anche io ho sempre nutrito un interesse particolare per la Guerra di Secessione, forse perché così complicata, contorta da comprendere e ricordare, tutta fatta di piccoli passi compiuti da una parte e dall'altra, forse perché si incunea esattamente nel centro del periodo vittoriano, in quel momento in cui la storia più sembra appartenermi e rispecchiare il mio animo ed il mio temperamento.

      Ringraziando te, con tutto il cuore,
      ti invio un abbraccio forte di stima, affetto e gratitudine,
      e ti auguro uno splendido weekend d'autunno ಌ•❤•ಌ

      Elimina
  2. Word origin is great fun to study. Some of these i knew from history class, others i did not realize dated from that time.

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ messymimi
      I thank you wholeheartedly for your words of interest and for your graceful presence here today, Dearest Friend !

      Wishing you a most lovely end of your week
      I'm sending my dearest love to you ✿⊱╮

      Elimina
  3. These are all words that I've heard before, Dany, but I never knew where they came from! :-)
    Thank you so much, sweet friend.
    Have a wonderful weekend.
    Sending you hugs from across the ocean.
    xo.

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Lisa Gordon
      it is I who thank you, wonderful friend of mine, your beautiful words of appreciation bless my day !

      May your weekend be filled with joy and wonder,
      with sincere gratitude,
      I treasure your friendship so much ❥

      Elimina
  4. Hello, Dany! I have heard of most of these words. It is interesting to learn of their origin. It seems we could still be using the word Carpetbaggers today. I enjoyed your post. Sending hugs and thanks for visiting my blog. Have a happy day and weekend!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ eileeninmd
      it's always such a delight to visit you and your wonderful world made of Nature and lovable Creatures, believe me !

      All these words are still in use today according to the Oxford Dictionary, and I'm sincerely glad to read your enjoyment about their origin, it is I who thank you, Dearie !!!

      Sending blessings of joy, love and smiles on your weekend,
      sweet friend ⊰✽*✽⊱

      Elimina
  5. I had no idea that’s where these terms originated!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Sandi
      you're heartily welcome, thank you for taking the time for visiting and commenting !

      May your weekend be filled with love ♡❤♡

      Elimina
  6. OLá DanY!!
    muito interessante seu post !!
    mesmo no português, muitas destas palavras também tem influência.
    é muito interessante sempre aprender a origem de cada coisa em nossa vida !!
    seu blog sempre nos ensina algo de bom e interessante !!
    só amamos o que conhecemos, e se amarmos o mundo será sempre melhor !!
    como minha sábia mãe dizia: conhecimento não ocupa espaço!!
    então quero sempre aprender um pouco mais..
    grande abraço e um feliz fim de semana abençoado.
    :o)

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Kr.Eliane
      Good Morning Dearest Friend, it's always such a delight to welcome you here and to begin my day with your sweeteness and your inner joy, thank you for blessing my day, your enthusiasm fill my heart !

      May the remiander of your week as Beautiful as you,
      cherished friend,
      thank you once again ༺❀༻

      Elimina
  7. Enjoyed this post thoroughly, lovely Dany. I always love reading about the Civil War era. It is interesting to read where oft-used words/slang we use today originated. Your posts always delight me, lovely lady.....and add to my 'learnin'. Xx

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Kim
      you're always so generous with me, Dearie, I thank you from the bottom of my heart !

      Wishing you a most lovely day, today,
      and wonderful days to come,
      with sincere gratitude, precious friend of mine,
      ♥♡♥ you're so, so dear to me ♥♡♥

      Elimina
  8. This was very interesting, I am always curious where are sayings originate from :) That is neat having the picture colored too.
    Hope you are having a wonderful October, it is going by so quickly :)

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Conniecrafter
      so it's not only a feeling of mine, this month is flowing away so fast, isn't it ?

      Always thinking of you with so much love,
      I'm sending blessings of joy across the many miles,
      thank you Dearie for being always so supportive ✿*✿

      Elimina
  9. This is so interesting, Dany! I love learning about the origins of words. I always come away from your blog feeling wiser.
    Amalia
    xo

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Amalia
      you're such a bright light to me, thank you for the joy you always bring me !

      Thanking you also for gracing my blog today,
      I'm sending my warmest and strongest hug *•♥♥•*

      Elimina
  10. Antichi mondi che si accendono all'improvviso e che ci fai godere con la tue bellissima descrizioni.
    Tutto molto interessante, grazie mia cara Daniela.
    Sei speciale!
    Un abbraccio grande e dolce serata!
    La tua amica Luci@

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Luci@
      mia dolce, detto da te è un complimento di un tale valore !

      Ti abbraccio con tutto il cuore augurandoti una giornata colma di sorrisi e serenità,
      grazie per la gioia di cui sempre mi fai dono ❥

      Elimina
  11. Thank you for the interesting post, Daniela! And I LOVE the photos! Kisses, my friend.

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Mia
      it is I who thank you, dearest friend of mine, I'm sincerely glad you liked the article !

      Hope you're having the best of weeks,
      I'm sending hugs and ever much love to you ღ~Ƹ̴Ӂ̴Ʒ~ღ

      Elimina
  12. Risposte
    1. @ Regine Karpel
      I heartily thank you, wondrous lady, blessed be !

      Sending blessings on your day, today
      and on your coming days •♥•♥•♥•

      Elimina
  13. Words often originate in places that we least expect. I imagine that much of our slang originates from conflicts.

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ DrillerAA09
      I welcome you with much joy and hug, thank you for visiting and leaving your comment !
      Conflicts always leave behind themselves so many bad things, but, you're right, as an historian, I'm able to tell you that so many words comes from their slang, yes !

      Wishing you all my best,
      with sincere thankfulness ♡ஐ♡

      Elimina
  14. fabulous post- so interesting! Thanks! and have a lovely week!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Kathe W.
      it is I who thank you for being always so enthusiastic and supportive, Dearie !

      May your week too be blessed with joy and wonder ♥∗✿∗♥

      Elimina
  15. Your posts are so detailed and the photos are always so beautiful. I appreciate you sharing these as you put a lot of effort into all your posts. Have a beautiful week. HUGS

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Annesphamily
      I'm sincerely grateful to you, sweetest friend, your words are such a blessing to me since I really put so much passion in everything I share, as you read behind the lines of every article of mine, I couldn't do otherwise, that's my nature, I put passion and effort in everything I do :)

      Wishing you a day filled with gladness and smiles,
      I'm thanking you once again ಌ•❤•ಌ

      Elimina
  16. i'm always a teeny bit embarrassed to learn new things about my own country from your blog! Embarrassed and yet also very grateful. Thank you for your research and for sharing. The only words that I knew came from this (sad) era in our history were 'sideburns' because I knew about that general and 'carpetbagger' because of studying history.

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Sallie
      oh my word, I don't really want you to feel embarassed at all, indeed, I'm glad to know that you read something new to you in my posts ... they would be quite boring if they were dealing with topics you are familiar with, don't you also think so ?!?

      Blessings are sent on your way today,
      ⊰♥⊱ lovely lady ⊰♥⊱

      Elimina
  17. Interesting! I love words. I had not heard some of these in a awhile, but did know them. thanks, Dany! Hugs.

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Annie
      you're so heartily welcome, dear friend, your lovely words always put me in high spirits !

      Thanking you heartily,
      I'm sending my dearest love to you ~ ✽*♡*✽

      Elimina
  18. Wow -- I had no idea! And I find it fun (and a little sad) that I am learning the origin of these words in my own language from someone who lives half a world away from me! I must share "deadline" with my journalism friends!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Jeanie
      don't tell me that it is a reason of embarass to you too, also Sallie wrote me so a few comments above, but you don't have to feel that way, my posts wouldn't be interesting for sure if they were about something you already know ... :)

      Sending hugs and ever much love to you, Cherished Friend
      with sincere thankfulness ♥¸¸.•¨¯`• ♥

      Elimina
  19. Very informative! Love the history of words and you did an excellent job with these!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Lori
      I heartily thank you, sweet friend, I'm sincerely glad you loved it !

      Trusting you're having the best of weeks,
      I'm sending my dearest love to you ❥

      Elimina
  20. That was an enjoyably history lesson on the English language, and I admit I never realised where the meanings came from on quite a few of them

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Bill Nicholls
      I'm sincerely glad to read that you liked this article of mine, sweet friend, thank you for your words of enjoyment !

      Wishing you a most lovely day, today,
      and a beautiful remainder of your week ♡❤♡

      Elimina
  21. thank you that was so interesting to find out the meaning behind words and a little history.. great post

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Judee
      you're so welcome, I heartily thank you, your words of appreciation bless this evening of mine !

      *♥* Sending my dearest hugs wherever you are, my friend *♥*

      Elimina
  22. I had no idea, but carpetbagger was bid right after the civil war. Fun history post.

    Have a fabulous Wordless Wednesday, my friend. ♥

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Sandee
      I so love reading your comments, adorable friend of mine, you always put me in high spirits, thank you !

      Wishing you a most lovely month of November,
      with lots of love, blessings and hugs ✿⊱╮

      Elimina
  23. I knew only Deadline and Lost cause, the others never heard. But these two are in common use in Finland, lost cause translated and deadline in English. And that is so familiar to me from the time I worked in an advertising agency!

    All the best & hugs, riitta

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ riitta
      you're so heartily welcome, to have you here means so, so much to me, Dearie !

      With sincere thankfulness,
      I'm sending all my love to you ❀≼❖≽❀

      Elimina
  24. Thank you for visit to my blog ;)
    I follow your blog - it's great place! :)

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Elena M.
      your words bless my day, new friend of mine, I thank you wholeheartedly !

      May your day be filled with joy and smiles ♥♡♥

      Elimina
  25. How interesting to see an old black-and-white photo from the Civil War redone in color. Thanks for those Union blues!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Magical Mystical Teacher
      when I firts saw these photos on the web, I immediately felt raptured and thought them to be so, so precious, thank you for appreciating them and this article of mine, dearest friend !

      Wishing you a beautiful remainder of your week,
      with all my heart ❥

      Elimina
  26. Interesting post! I have studied the Civil War quite a bit but did not know some of this. The colorized images are very nicely done!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Linda
      thank you for your words of appreciation, sweetest friend of mine, they mean so much to me !

      Sending blessings on your day, today,
      and on your coming days,
      and may the month of November be filled with love and joy to you ⊰♥⊱

      Elimina
  27. I really enjoyed your sharing of some Civil War history, and where these words came from, it really was so very interesting, and what a great colored photo you shared as well! I always learn so much from what you share from your history research! Praying the Lord blesses your heart, dear friend!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Marilyn
      and I thank the Lord for this so precious friendship of ours, cherished friend, with your inner joy you're such a blessing to me !

      Always thinking of you with much love,
      I'm sending you my dearest and warmest hugs ಌ•❤•ಌ

      Elimina
  28. A wonderful bit of word history, my dear Dany! Lovely to see the vintage photos, too. I have used most of these terms, but had no idea where they originated from. When my dear Father was a boy, he lived next door to an old Civil War soldier - a Yankee. Thank you for the history lesson. Sending hugs to you xo Karen

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Karen
      Dearest One, I feel so charmed when I read in your words the confirmation of what really happened ... the Civil War is not only made of words written in the pages of so many books, it was lived by real men and women, and changed the course of our History, it is I who thank you, always, indeed, more and more !

      Wishing you a most wonderful month of November,
      sending hugs and ever much love to you ✿*✿

      Elimina
  29. Dany dear, I'm always fascinated by word origins and your handling of it here, along with the photos, is wonderful.

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Jean
      I'm sincerely overjoyed by having you here, your presence and your words of interest bless my heart, Dearie, I have no words which to thank you with !

      I'm praying your day is a blessed one,
      while sending you my dearest love ✻ღღ✻

      Elimina
  30. Dearest Dany, how I have missed you, my lovely friend. It was such a blessing to stop by your blog this morning.

    I think of you so often...every time I look at the doily you blessed me with I think of you and when I sip out of the mug, I think of you {{smiles}}

    I hope you are well, dear one. Sending lots of love and hugs your way!

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Stephanie
      I also missed you so, so much, I was going to email you since I needed to have some news about you, I treasure this friendship of ours such a lot and think of you every day, indeed, a lots of time during my days, you're so adorable ... with this visit and words of yours you've truy made my day, Sweetie !

      With utmost gratitude I'm sending blessings of joy on your day, today,
      and on your month of November,
      may it be filled with so many little things which to be glad for •♥•♥•♥•

      Elimina
  31. Hello Dear Dany, this is indeed a brilliant post and very interesting to learn where everyday words that I take for granted have originated from!
    Have a truly wonderful weekend in your beautiful land with hugs from us xx

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Prunella Pepperpot
      you're such a bright ray of cheerful sunshine, thank you for blessing my blog today, dearest friend of mine !

      *♥* MUCH LOVE TO YOU *♥*

      Elimina
  32. Thank you for the wonderful lesson...but where did the wonderful music go?
    I did love it so.

    - Lisa

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Lisa
      thank you for your so lovely visit !
      As for the music you may see a thin light grey bar at the extreme bottom of the page: if you look at it with attention you'll see a little symbol on the right and if you go there wth your mouse you may open a new window with all the musics which are present in the playlist; there you may choose the one you do prefer :)

      So pleased by your words of appreciation,
      I'm wishing you a wonderful remainder of your week,
      thank you once again, darling friend ♡❤♡

      Elimina
  33. Una lettura senza pari ! e le foto così colorate sembrano poter fare volare via gli anni che ci separano dal tempo della Guerra Civile ... e mi commuovono , possibile?!
    Serena domenica e un saluto colmo d'affetto
    Franca

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Franca
      sono davvero felice di leggere una sincera gratificazione nelle tue parole, sono una tale ricompensa per me, non immagini di quale valore, cara, carissima amica !

      Con immenso affetto ti auguro una serena giornata,
      ... oggi commemoriamo i nostri defunti,
      per me dovrebbe essere una giornata di astensione dal lavoro, una giornata di riflessione,
      ed invece è un comunissimo giorno feriale,
      non lo trovo per nulla consono al significato della giornata ...*•♥♥•*

      Elimina
  34. This was SO interesting! I had no idea as to where most of those words came from! Thanks for sharing at Vintage Charm!
    xo Kathleen|Our Hopeful Home

    RispondiElimina
    Risposte
    1. @ Kathleen
      I so love to have you here with your sweetness and your loveliness, thank you, it's truly a privilege to me !

      Wishing you a blessed day, dearest friend ❥

      Elimina

I WHOLEHEARTEDLY THANK YOU FOR YOUR THOUGHTS AND WORDS, SO PRECIOUS TO ME.